The text below is by large our translation of Polish Kennel Club (PKC), (Związek Kynologiczny w Polsce, ZKwP) regulations. Although they have their web site in the English version as well, this part does not exist in English version. We have spoken to them about this and we hope they will rectify this problem in future. We have translated only those, more general parts of regulations which apply to Golden Retrievers with a special consideration for differences between PKC system and AKC system. That is why the numbers below are “jumping” what may seem illogical.
The first difficulty we approach is that the name of this body should be translated rather like this: “Kynological (or Cynological) Union in Poland”. The word “cynological” or “kynological” is a derivative from the Greek words kynos, meaning dog, and logos meaning science. It is than science about dogs. The problem is as far as we know both “kynology” and “cynology” are not valid words in English language. The problem is not limited to Poland only. Many other organizations not only Polish in this part of the world call themselves in similar fashion. They are trying to avoid the problem calling themselves in their native languages even on the text written in English. In fact the biggest world purebred organization – FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) with headquarters in Brussels Belgium seems to use this word. The question is: is there any science about dogs in existence? If yes, why does it seem to be limited to some countries only? Maybe another terminology is used in English? If you know this please write us. To simplify this problem we will use a familiar name Polish Kennel Club or PKC further.
We have also used some parts of FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) regulations concerning International Champion title and CACIB award. In this case we did not need to translate and the rules are identical for PKC which like most of world countries belong to FCI. In fact other countries belonging to FCI have more or less similar regulations to these used in Poland. Studying this will give you more actually than knowledge about rules in Poland only.
We have added some our comments as well and wherever we could identify them easily we have been using an italic font. The Polish (or French) language names are typed in green. We have added frequently used on Polish web sites (even in their English versions) abbreviations of the dog show titles. We hope that this will help you greatly in deciphering Polish pedigrees and internet dog data. Some parts which we consider more important were typed in bold.
PKC (Polish Kennel Club) Purebred Dogs Breeding Regulations
IV. Brood Bitches
§ 10 One may breed a bitch if:
b) She is at least 18 months old. (Comparing to this AKC below 8 months and above 12 years restriction sounds like a joke.)
c) She has obtained after ending 15 months, in any class, from at least two judges, three “Excellent” or “Very good” qualifications and at least one of them was from an international or club dog show. (The club show for Golden Retrievers is only run once a year in Poland currently.)
V. Stud dogs
§ 13. One may use a dog as a stud dog if:
b) He is at least 18 months old
c) He has obtained after ending 15 months, in any class, from at least two judges, three “Excellent” qualifications and at least one of them was from an international or club dog show
VI. Breeder rights and duties
§ 16 2. Breeder must:
c) Limit one bitch litters to one in the calendar year
h) Tattoo the puppies before or at least on the day of the inspection of the litter. The number of each tattoo must be in the same as it is kept the (PKC) Club Division records, separately for every breed.
i) i) Allow the manager of the Club Division to inspect the litter and the kennel; (Each litter is controlled usually at the age of 6 weeks by the(PKC) Club Official – specialist and usually the show judge.)
1. 1. The Birth Certificate for an each accepted puppy is issued. The Birth Certificate is a valid only in Poland and allows for registration of the puppy or dog in one of the Club divisions, it allows recording this in the Polish Registry Book and it allows for issuing the pedigree for the dog.
3. 2. There are two kinds of pedigrees issued: regular (Polish) and Export Pedigrees. Export Pedigrees are good in Poland as well as in other countries and Export Pedigrees are basis for registration of the dog in a different country. (AKC accepts Polish pedigrees as well as all FCI member countries pedigrees see: http://www.akc.org/rules/special_registry_services.cfm )
Purebred Dog Shows Regulations
I. (General statements)
- Dog show organization is one of the most important tasks of the Polish Kennel Club.
- The Dog Show regulations were worked out in accordance with the Polish Kennel Club constitution, taking into consideration following:
a) FCI Articles of Association and the General Rules
b) FCI Regulations for the International Championship
c) FCI Regulations for Show Judges
d) International Breeding Rules of the FCI
e) Breed Club Regulations
- Polish Kennel Club organizes the following the types of dog shows:
a) international shows (FCI) with the right to award CACIB title
b) national shows
c) club shows
d) champion shows
e) purebred dog popularization shows
9. In the shows only healthy dogs can be showed, having a vet health certificate. Bitches who are pregnant or are in heat may not take part in the shows.
10. Dog shows are accessible for the public, and the organizers are allowed to take entrance fees. (What they usually do. Despite of this the public comes sometimes in big numbers)
II. Rules of the Dog Shows organization
- Dogs may take part only in the following classes:
a) Puppy class - age 6 to 9 months (does not count toward championship)
b) Junior class – age 9 to 18 months (does count toward junior championship only)
c) Intermediate class – age 15 to 24 months
d) Open class – age above 15 months
e) Working class – age above 15 months, with a Working Dog Certificate organized for breeds, for which work tests are needed (including Golden Retrievers) The certificate of Working Dog is given to:
- defense dogs - with at least IPO I diploma
- hunting dogs - with at least III grade diploma on contests
f) Champion class - for dogs who have the diploma of an international champion or a national champion of Poland or from a different dog registry organization accepted by FCI
g) Veteran class – age above 8 years (does not count toward championship)
III. Rules of Judgment of Dogs in Shows
- In the dog show the function of the judge may only be taken by a judge certified by the general management of the Polish Kennel Club or judges invited from different countries accepted by FCI, chosen from the list of international judges. On international dog shows only international judges from organizations accepted by FCI may judge.
12. & 13. While judging a dog the judge should take into consideration inherent flaws and those that were caught, physical and psychic health. The qualifications given by the judges may be one of the following definitions:
EXCELLENT may only be awarded to a dog which comes very close to the ideal standard of the breed, which is presented in excellent condition, displays a harmonious, well-balanced temperament, is of high class and has excellent posture. Its superior characteristics in respect of its breed permit that minor imperfections can be ignored; it must however have the typical features of its sex.
VERY GOOD may only be awarded to a dog which possesses the typical features of its breed, which has well-balanced proportions and is in correct condition. A few minor faults may be tolerated but none of a morphological nature. This award can only be granted to a dog that shows class.
GOOD is to be awarded to a dog that possesses the main features of its breed however showing faults provided these are not concealed.
SUFFICIENT must be awarded to a dog which corresponds adequately to its breed, without possessing the generally accepted characteristics or whose physical condition leaves something to be desired.
DISQUALIFIED must be awarded to a dog which does not correspond to the type required by the breed standard; which shows a behavior clearly not in line with its standard or which behaves aggressively; which has testicular abnormalities; which has dental flaw or a jaw anomaly; which shows a color and/or coat imperfection or clearly shows signs of albinism. This qualification shall also be awarded to dogs that correspond so little to a single feature of the breed that their health is threatened. It should furthermore be awarded to dogs that show eliminating faults in regard to the breed standard.
Dogs that cannot be awarded one of the above qualifications shall be released from the ring with the rating:
CANNOT BE JUDGED. This rating is to be given to any dog which does not move, constantly jumps up and down on its handler or tries to get out of the ring, makes it impossible to assess the gait and the movement or avoids constantly to be examined by the judge and makes it impossible to inspect teeth, anatomy and structure, tail or testicles. This rating is also to be given if traces of operations or treatment can be observed which seem to indicate that the exhibitor wanted to deceive the judge. The same applies if the judge has ample reason to suspect operations that were intended to correct the original condition or feature (e.g.: eyelid, ear or tail). The reason why the dog was rated CANNOT BE JUDGED has to be stated in the judge’s report.
The four best dogs in each class are placed provided that they have been awarded at least the qualification “Very Good”.
Besides the individual qualification the judge also give a comparison grade and establishes place from I to IV. Every other dog is given in an individual qualification without place. The four best dogs in every class that are awarded the place must have at least “Very Good” qualification.
From point 16.
The text of the qualification of the dog should be written in the Polish language or in one of the federal languages on the dog card. In the case of judging by an international judge, organizers must bring a translator to the ring, knowing the canine definitions well in both languages. If over 80 dogs are graded, the organizer can resign from explanatory comments on the dog card.
IV. Rules of Dog Rewarding
The title of “Winner of Junior Dogs” – („Zwycięzca Młodzieży, Zw. Mł” ) can be given to the dog or bitch in every show (except champion shows) for the canine who will have “Excellent” with the first place in the Junior class.
The title of “Best Dog in Breed” or “Best Bitch in Breed” („Najlepszy Pies w Rasie”, „NPwR”, „Najlepsza Suka w Rasie”„NSwR”) can be given to dogs/bitches in every breed which has an “Excellent” qualification and the first place from the intermediate class, open class, working class, and champion class, competing in comparison to each other. (This title rarely appears in the web sites somehow.)
The titles of “Best of Breed” (BOB, „Zwycięzcy Rasy”, „ZR”) is awarded to the best dog or bitch that won “Best Dog in Breed” or “Best Bitch in Breed” or “Winner of Junior Dogs”. This title is given to only one dog in breed.
The title of “Winner of the Champion Show” („Zwycięzca Wystawy Championów” , „ZWC” ) is granted on the Champion Show to the winner dog or bitch who has already one of the titles: “International Beauty Champion”, “Champion” or “Junior Champion”. This can only be done within one year from receiving this title for a given country.
The title of “Junior Winner of Poland”(„Młodzieżowy Zwycięzca Polski”, „Mł.Zw.P” ) can be given to a canine who has received this title according to rules of the “Winner of Junior Dogs” on an important, international dog show. This title is given only on the one show in a year.
The title of “Winner of Poland”(„Zwycięzca Polski”, „ZwP” ) can be given to a dog or bitch who has received this title according to rules of the “Best Dog in Breed” or “Best Bitch in Breed” competition during an important, international dog show. This title is given only on one show in a year.
The title of “Junior Club Winner” („Młodzieżowy Zwycięzca Klubu” , „Mł. Zw. Kl” ) can be given to a dog during a breed club show, according to rules established by the club.
The title of “Club Winner” („Zwycięzca Klubu” , „Zw. Kl”, „ZK” ) can be given to a dog during a breed club show, according to rules established by the club usually once a year.
“Best Stud Dog” and “Best Kennel” („Najlepszy Reproduktor”, „Najlepsza Hodowla” ) are titles given during club shows according to rules established by the club usually once a year.
During every dog show in the country the judges have the right to give a certificate for championship (CWC in Poland and in other FCI countries: CAC - certyfikat au championat (fr.)).
This certificate can be given to a dog or bitch that is 15 months or older and he/she has been given the “Excellent” qualification with the first place in the intermediate class, open class, working class and champion class, independent of the amount of other contestants. Four certificates for championship are given by four different judges – in which at least one at a international or club show – are requirements for giving a dog or bitch the title of “Champion of Poland” („CH or Ch. PL”), under the requirement that between the first and the last attempt at least six months passed.
The title of “Junior Champion of Poland” („Młodzieżowy Champion Polski”, „Mł. CH”, „Mł. Ch PL”) can be given on the basis of a triple win of the “Winner of Junior Dogs” title, from three different judges on dog shows, in which at least one has to be international or a club show, without any limit of time in between.
FCI REGULATIONS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP
The regulations below are taken from official FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) regulations published on their web site: http://www.fci.be/reglements.asp?lang=en&sel=5 . These regulations are used in Poland as well as in all other FCI member countries. We show again only these regulations which are applied to Golden Retriever breed classified as the breed subjected to working trials as most of other breeds from FCI 8th group – (Retrievers, Flushing Dogs, Water Dogs)
REGULATIONS FOR FCI DOG SHOWS, effective from January 1st, 2006
TITLES AND AWARDS
CACIB – (certificat d'aptitude au Championnat International de Beauté de la FCI)
The only dogs which can be taken into consideration for the CACIB are those which have been awarded "“EXCELLENT” 1st". A CACIB can only be awarded if the dog in question has been assessed as being of superior quality. The CACIB is not automatically and compulsorily linked to the "“EXCELLENT” 1st”.
The Reserve CACIB is awarded to the second best dog which was given the qualification "“EXCELLENT”". It is however not compulsory to award the Reserve CACIB.
The judge awards CACIB and RESERVE CACIB according to the quality of the dogs without checking whether they meet the conditions regarding age and/or registration with a studbook recognized by the FCI.
Only one CACIB can be awarded for each sex and breed on the international show only - in accordance with the FCI Breed Nomenclature for Dog Breeds - on the same day and at the same place.
FCI INTERNATIONAL BEAUTY CHAMPIONSHIP FOR ALL BREEDS TOGETHER
Dogs subjected to work trials:
To be eligible for the title International Beauty Champion, these dogs must have obtained :
a) in two different countries, under two different judges, two certificats 'aptitude au Championnat International de Beauté (CACIB), no matter the number of dogs;
b) between the first and last CACIB, a minimum period of one year and one day must have elapsed. This period is to be understood as follows: for example, from January 1st, 1996 to January 1st, 1997.
In addition to a) and b), the hunting dog must have passed a hunting test/trial specific to its breed in which the Certificat d'Aptitude au Championnat National de Travail (CACT) is competed for. The date of the test/trial is not taken into account. In Poland this means that the dog or bitch must get at least 3rd place or the “Good” grade on the competitions for which there is Country Work Championship awarded (Championat Pracy Krajowy (CPC)). If there is a point system used, the dog must get at least 75% possible points. (PKC regulations)
For a) and b), exceptions may be granted provided they are approved by the FCI General Committee
IV. GENERAL PROVISIONS
A Reserve-CACIB can be turned into a CACIB, at the request of the owner of the dog which was awarded the R-CACIB or at the request of his/her national kennel club, provided that the dog which was awarded the CACIB meets one of the following criteria: is already an International Champion (the title being confirmed by the FCI)
does not have a 3-complete-generation pedigree recognized by the FCI is too young to be eligible for the CACIB (entered in a wrong class) fulfills at the moment of the show the FCI requirements (in terms of number of CACIB earned) for the title of International Beauty Champion as described under I.A and B. This means for working breeds (utility and hunting), 2 CACIB, under two different judges, in two different countries over a minimum of one year and one day.